Disease Control and Prevention
Part of the Milam County Health Department's
responsibility is to monitor, track, control and/or prevent the spread of
disease in our community. The diseases in the table below should be
reported to the Milam County Health Department.
- Who, What, Where, When and Why of Disease
- What is disease reporting?
- The process of letting the state know
of diseases and conditions in a local area. Reporting can be
either passive or active. Passive reporting occurs when we are called
with a report. Active is when we contact a hospital or clinic
looking for reports. You may also use symdromic surveillance,
which is collecting information on symptoms or drug usage instead of a
- Why do we report diseases and conditions?
- To establish disease patterns and to stop potentially
dangerous disease outbreaks from occurring. Also certain diseases
and conditions are tracked by the state to determine if new or different
vaccines or research are required.
- Who reports disease and condition?
- Any person with knowledge of a disease, but mainly
hospitals, clinics and schools.
- When do we report?
- Follow the Texas Notifiable Conditions
list. This list is updated regularly and can be found by
- Where do we report?
to report to the Milam County Health Department by e-mail.
- Doctors and nurses will report to
their local health department or to the regional health department if
they do not have a local. Health Departments report to the state
through the National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS).
Some conditions also require further reporting to disease specific areas
such as zoonosis. To report a disease by phone please call
- HIPAA: Patient Rights and Disease Reporting
- As a health department, we are allowed certain
privileges under HIPAA. We can collect reports without the
patients consent as long as we are using them to comply with state
reporting guidelines. Once we have the report we are then bound by
the same HIPAA laws as healthcare.
For more information on these and many other diseases,
please visit www.cdc.gov.